Play poker seriously

Contrary to what one might think, poker is not just a series of decisions. Don’t gamble too much, respect your physical shape, increase your hourly income, and have a good idea on the impact of luck. Many parameters are best not to be ignored.

Are you serious?

Poker is the ultimate game: a combination of intellectual challenge, psychology, mathematics and inner stimulation. .. A genius game, each transaction can be exchanged for several thousand euros.

You can play games for prices ranging from cents to tens of thousands of dollars (sometimes more). High school students, teachers, men, women, regulars, tourists, young and old, saw various types of players coming on the table.

For fun, make some pocket money, and rarely rely on it to make money: various motivations drive poker players.

What is so attractive about poker? There can be many things: cheap entertainment, hobbies, is a way for "gamblers" to send heavy tokens, satisfy their thirst for power, strengthen themselves and weekly etiquette. Let's meet and drink some beer.

The complexity of certain stages of the game, the analogy with the world around us, and the statistical principles make it a very valuable game; what can you ask for from an already exciting, interesting and profitable game?

What does it mean to take poker seriously?

Read and re-read obscure books you can’t find in your local bookstore? Run complex simulations on the computer? Write down your results, keep your account and analyze? Chat with other players and relive the action?

Yes, it may be part of everything: anyway, it requires something few players are prepared to do: keep working hard!

If you do not practice poker, you cannot say that you are playing poker. Finally, when you think poker is a good, vulgar card game: you are not getting the best profit.

Serious players bet money. Yes, they fight for real money and imagine that even a mid-level player should be able to find a table, and their average loss per hour is less than 10 euros... Maybe they will eventually learn to reduce losses, and maybe Earn enough money to repay his wine :)

Usually, the basic unit played by serious players is no less than Euros, and a few cents are ignored. The inherent volatility of the game means that regardless of their talents, they sometimes lose hundreds of euros: this is the inevitable law of dispersion. The less time you have to invest, it may become exhausted after a few hours. Because poker is a very high variance game. No one can win every time.

Swiping card is the fastest way to break the bank.

Serious players will not play exotic games. Neither of them like Anaconda's theoretical research, nor follow Quee...No: In this world, we play Texas Poker, Stud, Omaha games.

Can you win at the casino?

Yes: You can win perfectly in the casino, and you can even work there in a lap. Many people say: "You can't beat the casino". This is thoughtful thinking and fair for many games. The law of large numbers means that casinos always have an advantage over a large number of small players who come to throw money. Poker is no exception: casinos profit from the actions at the table. He either charges a table fee or takes a percentage of each pot. However, you are not fighting against the casino, not against the bank: you are fighting against other players! There is a match between players, and finally they pay the right to the match. The casino will not face them. In the long run, this is the player's personal talent.

Therefore, there are real poker professionals: there are thousands in the United States...some people have been promoted to star level: like Doyle Brunson, Johnny Chan, Phil Hellmuth Jr...

Talent game

In poker, players have incomplete information to make decisions. If he knows how to make the most of this information, get the most out of it, and find the right decision in every situation: he will inevitably have an advantage over opponents who don't care about the game.

You must learn to analyze the complexity of various or similar situations. When a player makes a wrong decision (and it always happens), it is inevitable to repeat the mistake in all similar situations: in the long run, it will cost him money.

Give an example to illustrate my point: The most common mistake is out of curiosity, for entertainment and other purposes, excessive use of starting hands that believe in their equivalence...but it is not because of the choice of starting hands that you can have The difference. There are many qualities to play poker. Beginners and professionals are unlucky in the short term, but not in the long term.

Luck game

Believe that poker only needs to be successful: this is a double mistake. First of all: there is no guarantee that your talent is better than your opponent, and secondly, you cannot control the trading opportunities. The unfortunate world champion will lose.

Poker victory depends on many factors: most factors can be controlled (your decision, table choice, game, amount involved), others are not controlled (card luck, opponent's decision, etc.). )

But luck is not just for poker.

My personal opinion is that our lives are by chance. I only believe in opportunity. In quantum mechanics, there is an opportunity to determine the spin state of an electron. Like radioactivity and light interference, could fire be discovered accidentally? But no matter how interesting it is, I will not start this debate here.

In weather conditions, in Formula One racing, football games, Chance is also a place of choice. Why does luck mean more in poker? In my opinion, there are two reasons for this:

- Poker luck can mask the effect of level differences over time. When we have a given conversation, the unit of time in poker is the conversation: the odds are very important, and enlightened amateurs can have hope for a prestigious career. For example, this is not the case in chess.

- Poker luck is the result of random allocation of cards. In other words, it is all chance to decide which player holds the winning card, not his talent.

It can be said that luck dominates the short-term results, while talents change over time.

Get rich on poker

If you understand poker, you often have to take more money risks than ordinary games can afford, then the answer is obvious: getting rich in poker is difficult, in fact it is almost impossible.

Because I don't like the impossible, I will give you a trick: "Poker Tournament". If you admit that the top prize for bad beats will never fall to your face, this is your only chance.

Poker tournaments provide much higher payouts than normal games would expect. The flip side of the coin is that you have fewer opportunities to make money... so far nothing is illogical, right?

What's more serious is that by imposing a 50 euro pot limit on the ACF, you have more chances of losing 100 euros than winning 500 euros. In the long run: 10 euros per hour will be glorious. In limit poker, you will have to splurge to get 1 BB per hour. Do you know what cash flow we recommend to play even at 5/10? About 2000€!!! Invest 2000€, and the average profit per hour is 10€, provided that you are significantly better than other players: we find that amateurs have better risk management.

Of course: 10 Euros per hour will not allow you to buy the house of your dreams. The fact that ends all disillusionment is: to spend money, it takes a lot of money to win big money.

When should you consider improving the game?

99% of operations must be performed outside the table. Poker requires you to play fast, and generally you should not spend more than 2 seconds figuring out what to do. If you improvise, that is the door to error and failure. You can certainly be creative on the table, but it is still based on the experience accumulated by your reflection:

-Post-play: self-criticism role.

-During downtime: You must be free and enterprising. This is a time for reflection and analysis.

-Before the game: But it is better to relax and listen to music.

Creativity in poker

Create, invent, take risks! As the recognized high-stakes cash game player Cyril "DonLimit" Andre explained in this article, the birth and perfection of poker theory benefited from players facing blank pages. Therefore, sometimes it may be beneficial to forget a little bit of established conventions and think outside the box.

Creativity is about connecting things together. If you ask creative people how they do it, they will feel guilty because they didn't really do it. They just saw something. . After a while, it seemed obvious to them. They create new things because they know how to connect experiences. They know this because they have more experience or think more about their own experience than others. "

How schools kill creativity, Sir Ken Robinson

As a preface or summary for reading this article, it is strongly recommended to watch a video of less than 20 minutes.

Praise narcissism

What does this video of Sir Ken Robinson have to do with poker?

Some great poker strategy videos have been released in recent years. Unfortunately, these videos watched by many players clearly help "kill" everyone's creativity.

Overall, these videos introduce the key to a successful game style. Some people are of course better quality than others, but in the end everyone is more or less trying to reproduce the behavior and attitude of respected players. By copying this mode of operation, most players have already started playing and then continue to play.

Of course, listening to someone’s advice instead of really thinking about yourself can save a lot of time. But put yourself in the position of the first person, the second person wants to pass the air, the second barrel, 3 bet, 4 bet, river bet, triple bet to continue to raise the bet...

This is not a fish

For example, ordinary Winamax players know a player with a very special style. This man alone became a gag, but there is no doubt that he will eventually please everyone. In fact, its main technical shortcomings have been compensated by above-average creativity.

If you have met him before, you will definitely witness some completely impossible showdowns and shots that are not in the video. It is not necessary to be sure of his style. It is obvious that everyone wants to see this player pass the bankruptcy process in two weeks. Two years later, he remained there and continued to win. Therefore, he is doing the right thing and wisely adapting to his opponent.

On the other hand, David Benefield is also a very creative player. He will not hesitate to think outside the box, play with his own bet size, soft before the flop... In short, he usually adopts fashionable lines. And this is what makes him so talented and so difficult to play! This observation also applies to Isildur1

Actual case

Don't you want to pre-flop? Everyone tells you this is bad. And in most cases it is the same. However, it might be interesting to do this occasionally. It's like opening a card at 50bb before the flop is wise.

Take a hand controversy at Full Tilt Poker a few years ago as an example

The blinds are 5/10 and the effective stack is 150bb. The player entering the cut-off line is a huge fish and he hates folds before the flop. He paid 10 dollars, raised from the button (with a pair of aces) to 500 dollars, and immediately decided to call.

In this particular case, the button can reasonably regret that there is no more power! Imagine the difference in equity between a player with 3bb chips and another player with 50bb, and the end result is still the same: the opponent will call.

Let us give another example. You raise a bet of $30 at the 5/10 table, and the player you think is "direct with nothing to do" bets $100 from the big blind 3. The content of your response on the phone. The pot reached $205, and the flop looked like this: 5s6s7s single color. Opponent checks. Instead of betting $120 as usual, how about choosing $40 for settlement? In any case, what will your opponent do with AhKh?

This is the last book that may make you think about how to best use certain types of players:

The player starts from the cutoff. Your history indicates that it "controls the pot" excessively. Everyone folds and you decide to call KsQ from the big blind. Then came the $65 pot. Flop Qc8c5d: Double check. Turn 6d: You decide to bet, your opponent bets $50, then choose to raise to $300, and the latter gets called. At 6 o'clock in the morning, the pot is $665. You call, your opponent calls, and then you show JJ.

Pot control is about keeping the pot small when you have a few hands. But here, the opponent's plan has not been completed as expected. On the other hand, in your position, many players will bet on the turn and river to get a value of about 12bb. You have chosen this original line and spent £100!

The right balance between technology and creativity

Usually, the best players rely on excellent technical background, but can also surprise opponents and bring them out of their comfort zone. This is a method. When a player who is accustomed to quick decisions suddenly starts sinking for a long time, for example, when you only raise a double vote twice, the bet is very small or vice versa. The effect will become obvious. ...

Today, most good players know how to deal with aggression before and after the flop. You may have made 3 bets thousands of times, just like you have raised thousands of times on the flop. You know how to handle these types of situations more or less, but you are not surprised and are unlikely to make major mistakes. On the other hand, imposing a new situation on the opponent is both effective and interesting.

It's your turn !

Maybe this article will inspire hundreds of "outstanding" careers, but as Sir Ken Robinson said: Don't be afraid of making mistakes. You will definitely lose some wine cellars for doing anything, but never ignore the fact that this is how you learn and become better.

Teach me how to steal a thief

In the past few weeks, I have been collecting a lot of information about “re-stealing” and I think it’s time to shape it by writing articles. I was inspired by several sources to write this article to a large extent, especially in discussions initiated by Ansky on the 2+2 forum.

What is resteal?

First of all, it is a matter of defining what "re-stealing" (= anti-theft) is. In short, you suspect that you are stealing something when you raise your opponent again. In other words, we think that the opposing player may use an average hand (or even rubbish) to grab the blind before the flop. Usually, we raise the opponent who is in the lead on the table (Hi-Jack, Cut-Off, Button).

We say "re-stealing" because we did not re-raise with a strong hand. Therefore, our goal is actually to win the pre-flop blow by letting the opponent fold. This is a pure bluff.

With the rapid increase in blinds during the game, even in the absence of hitting the game, "re-steal" is an effective weapon to maintain a good stack. However, this is a risky "action", so use it in moderation. The purpose of this article is to explain when and how to use "re-steal".

5 criteria for successful resealing

1) Your position

Usually, re-theft is done through CO, buttons or blinds. Of course, the idea is that the farther you are at the table, the less chance your opponent will swing behind you.

2) The original promoter

Who is raising? Is he tightening or making progress? Can he fold his hands? From which position did he get promoted? Compared with Blinds and your chips, how high is his chip stack? When you re-train him, what kind of "pot odds" will he get (= what investment to get potential gains)? As we will see in point 5, in principle, the opponent's "pot odds" should be much lower than 2 to 1.

3) Players after you

How many players are there after you talk? How do they play? If you take the SB again and the BB has insufficient chips, he may be in danger of calling, which will also cause the initial raiser to call because his pot odds are higher.

4) Your card

What is your hand? This is generally considered to be a secondary factor, because this situation is common, and it is almost certain that the initial improver will not pay us. However, there is always the risk that our carpet will pay off. Therefore, "appropriate connector" type cards (T9s, 98s, 87s, 76s) are usually very interesting, because they are usually very resistant to the cards that might raise our brand (AT+, 22+).

5) Risk and reward

This is the basic element to consider. Indeed, before “re-stealing” you must ensure that the rewards outweigh the risks. Generally, the accepted ideal re-stealing chimney is between 13 and 18 BB. If you have 20BB, you might take a little risk, maybe it's better to wait for the opportunity. Below 13BB, the problem is that you lack the "fold rate" (= the ability of your opponent to fold before the flop due to the depth of the flop).

Obviously, if a player raises to 3BB and you raise with 10BB, then you will give your opponent a good "pot odds" and he will almost pay you. Suppose the blinds are 50/100 and the opponent starts with 300. If you send a thousand chips to the button, your opponent's pot odds are 2 to 1, because he must pay 700 pot odds. Button. Hope to win a 1'450 pot. With such "pot odds", he is enough to win 1 coup in 3 times, proving that he has reason to call. Why is he enough to win 1 coup in 3 times? This is a relatively simple calculation. It is enough to determine our "fairness". In the case of "Odds" of 2 to 1, "Equity" is equal to 33% (1/3 x 100). "Equity" is a percentage that shows us the number of times we must at least win a blow to make our call option profitable. In short, we can see that in this example, the depth of the carpet is not enough to really put pressure on the carpet.

Some common mistakes

- "Re-stealing" in the face of the wrong target. Pay special attention to the "calling stations", once some chips are put in the game, they cannot fold.

- "Re-stealing" without "waiving". As we have already seen, it is dangerous to make chips with chips below 13BB, because you offer your opponent too favorable "pot odds".

- Use a too large stack for "re-stealing". Once you have more than 20BB of funds, you must ask yourself whether the risk is not greater than the potential benefit.

- Steal again too often, because your opponent may notice it and may trap you with a good hand, or may use more marginal hands (Ax, Kx) to summon your chips.

Increase chance of success

- Medium stack size (or large stack size for fixed players) is usually the best goal.

- In some cases, the chances of success will greatly increase (bubble, final table and/or when money gets bigger). "Re-stealing" becomes very effective because, on the one hand, you can put a lot of pressure on the "weak" who are afraid of being eliminated. On the other hand, you can also entice aggressive players who tend to raise from any late position in the bubble, because they are certain that they will pocket the blinds without resistance.

-Position is important because by definition, when you are in the blind position, you have the highest cost/benefit ratio and at the same time have the least risk, that is, the player has a good hand in your hand.

-It is sometimes fun to re-raise a player starting in the middle position, because it provides extra power for your "movement". However, if he has a legal player or the player on the left wakes up the monster in hand, the risk is even greater.

After these lengthy and tedious theoretical explanations, it is time to continue to practice. To this end, I will detail some of the hands that I think are interesting.

The perfect time to steal again

- First of all, I chose a hand played by Sheets (this professional player is widely recognized for his expertise in Sit'N Go). This is an interesting hand, because we will see that all elements can be successfully re-stolen.

- A midfielder starts at 3600 (3BB), and Sheets is 21,000 in BB. Sheets will use 65s to send his chips because he thinks this is a great opportunity to steal again:

1) The bed sheet has a perfect non-slip mat, which can be used for "re-stealing" 17-18BB. 2) The promoter also has an ideal bargaining chip; that is, a medium mat allows him to put down his hands and leave enough room for manipulation.

3) The raiser is very aggressive, but Sheets knows that he can also fold.

4) We arrived near the payment location, which gave the sheets more means to exert pressure.

5) When called, Sheets' hand is "valid" for the type of hand that he may fall into.

6) The sheets are in the BB, so he will not risk getting up with his left hand. In addition, by pushing the lifter to the middle position, the Sheets' hands look stronger than they actually are. The sheets also have the image of a tight-fitting athlete, which is to his advantage in this case.

-As a second example, I played a card in the Supernova freeroll on PokerStars.

-This example clearly shows the effectiveness of re-stealing. After more than 5 hours of competition, I entered the final table and we only had 7 players. I have A6o in the CO. I raise to 3BB, hoping to pocket the blinds and antes. , BB swinging the carpet, I was forced to fold my hands.

-We are in a typical state of stealing, but even so, I still have a hard time paying him. Indeed, BB has only 14BB (116/8). By sending chips, he has a chance to win a good chip of 40,000, which accounts for 1/3 of the chip stack.

-As far as I am concerned, if I fold, I still have 17BB, which gives me plenty of leeway and I maintain all my opportunities at the final table.

-After the BB stack, my "pot odds" is 1.6:1. In other words, I have to invest another 92,000 chips to win 147,000 chips. With such "pot odds", I have 38% "fairness" (=½.6x 100), which means I must win at least 38% of the time to make my call tactically correct; also In other words, my phone gave me a bargaining chip.

-When making a decision in a tournament, it is usually necessary to distinguish between two levels: tactics (= combat) and strategy (= war). The first level corresponds to the moment of strike. Will I have a chance to follow? The second level includes the entire game. What happens if I lose the chips I gave him? Can I fold at this point in the game? In tournaments, it often happens that tactically correct decisions are not strategically correct. This is a classic example of a satellite, for example a major tournament has 10 entries. With 11 players left, your AA average stack. If you go all-in with big chips, you will definitely fold, because survival takes precedence over accumulating chips.

After some thinking, I think my fold was a tactical error. Indeed, in this case, BB can use "any 2 cards" and cards like A6o to push literally. In principle, I have a 56% chance of winning a random hand move.

-For me, the problem is the strategic level, which is what makes re-stealing an effective weapon. Indeed, BB becomes the aggressor and it is always more difficult to pay for the chips than to go all-in. In addition, if I lose this hand, I will almost be eliminated because I have very few chips left. In addition, there is still a gap of hundreds of dollars between the two places, which puts additional pressure on me.

-All in all, I'm in a dilemma with 20BB chips, because if I get promoted from this position, I'm likely to be an ideal target for stealing again. The table is made up of aggressive and experienced players, so knowing that I am not ready to re-raise with A6o, my pre-flop raise is definitely a mistake.

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